• The African action toward social transformation

    Robert White


    The present article analyses processes of social transformation that African people have promoted since independence fostering the realization of human rights, human creativity and the realization of human aspirations. This research, with the perspective of the critical tradition of analysis of social transformation, discusses eight processes of transformation in Africa authored by African people which potentially create social conditions of human realization: 1) cultural, political and development initiatives of African independence leaders; 2) movements to promote the rule of law defending constitutional rights, 3) developing the organizational capacity of the poor, 4) civil society action defending rights; 5) free participatory public debate; 6) promoting indigenous cultural identity and development initiatives; 7) the informal action of the poor and 8) devolution of governance to the local level.


    social transformation, rule of law, civil society in Africa, popular organization in Africa, devolution of governance.